Science is the process of acquiring knowledge about the natural world through observation and experimentation. It is a systematic way of gathering information and testing hypotheses. Science is based on evidence, and scientists use the scientific method to figure out how things work in the natural world.


There are many different types of science, and each has its own unique purpose. Here is a guide to some of the most common types of science:

Environmental Science



Environmental science is the study of how humans interact with the environment, including ecology, earth science, and chemistry. In ecology, environmental scientists study how animals and plants interact with their environments. In earth science, they study the physical properties of the earth, including its climate and landforms. In chemistry, they study how pollutants interact with the environment. Even everyday products have environmental scientists behind them—for example, eco friendly lotion packaging is incresingly popular in a sustainability-focused society. These companies depend on environmental scientists or ecologists to make a dependable package for their lotion while developing more sustainable packaging that will stay out of landfills.

Medical Science

Medical science is the study of human health and disease, including anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, and medical laboratory science. There are even online medical laboratory science programs and similar fields of study where you can learn the essential aspects of these industries from home.

Biological Science

Biology is the study of life. This includes the study of plants, animals, and human biology. Each of these areas of study are vast and complex. Biology is a constantly-evolving science, as researchers learn more about the world around us.

Physical Science

Physical science is the study of the natural world, including physics, chemistry, and Earth science. Physics is the study of the fundamental principles governing the natural world. Chemistry is the study of the composition, structure, and properties of matter. Earth science is the study of the Earth and its environment.

Mathematical Science



Mathematical science is the study of numbers and patterns, including algebra, geometry, and calculus. Algebra is the study of equations and how to solve them. Geometry is the study of shapes and their properties. Calculus is the study of rates of change. All of these areas of mathematics are essential for understanding the world around us.

Social Science

Social science is the study of human behavior, including psychology, sociology, and political science. It can be used to understand how people think, feel, and behave both individually and in groups. Social science can help us understand why people make the decisions they do, how social and economic systems work, and how people interact with each other. It can also help us develop solutions to social problems.

Behavioral Science

Behavioral science is the study of how people think, feel, and behave. This area of science can be broken down into a few key topics, including cognitive psychology, neuroscience, behavioral economics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, political science, and international relations. Each of these disciplines can be further divided into countless subfields, making for a vast and complex area of study.

Agricultural Science

Agricultural science is the study of plant and animal farming, including crop science and animal husbandry. It is a vital field of study that helps us to better understand the complex systems involved in food production. By learning about the biology of crops and livestock, as well as the many factors that can affect their growth and health, we can develop better methods of farming that improve yields and protect the environment.

Science Education

Science education is more than just teaching science facts and concepts. It is also about teaching the skills needed to think critically and scientifically. This includes learning how to ask questions, design experiments, and analyze data. Science education is important for all students, not just those who plan to pursue a career in science.